class of November 16, 2015

5-6 class of November 16, 2015

We did a listening in class (Water Bottle), I handed out some sheets to you (Stylistic devices, words to enhance your essays, mixed grammar sheets)

 

HOMEWORK:
Ballooning + The Environment (Mixed grammar) – until next week

Due in two weeks:

Book pp. 108-109: Do the tasks 1a, 2a+b, 3a + take a look at pp. 245+286+289ff

Read p. 110 and do ex. 1a (make a list and translate if necessary), 1b, c + ex 2

Read p. 111, do 1a + 2, collect some bullet points on ex 3.

PLEASE REPEAT THE INFORMATION ON IMF / WTO – this is important!!

 

We did p. 106 / 1, 2a in class

 

Info:
Billy Bragg and the Blokes: Since his debut album Life Is a Riot in 1983, Billy Bragg (born 1957) has recorded dozens of songs and toured the world. The Blokes are his current touring and recording band. Billy Bragg is well-known for his commitment to political and humanitarian issues.

World Bank: Created in 1944, the World Bank was set up to promote development in the world’s poorer countries by means of advice and long-term lending. Its loans average $30 billion a year, spread around 100 countries.

International Monetary Fund (IMF): Created by the same conference that founded the World Bank, the IMF is an organization designed originally to supervise the fixed exchange rate between world economies. In the last three decades, it has been more concerned with dealing with the debt incurred by developing countries. It sets the conditions for loans and so often interferes with the way a country is run.

World Trade Organization (WTO): The WTO was set up in 1995 to regulate international trading. It enforces the rules of GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade), which came into existence in 1947, and punishes the countries that break them.

 

1) The institutions are criticized because they are seen to interfere in the affairs of sovereign states by demanding that they cut public services and lay off workers, which often results in unemployment. Some people also think that they encourage states to mismanage economic policy and rely on aid to help them out.

Transcript of our listening test:

The next time you reach for a bottle of water on a

supermarket shelf, stop! Think of the planet! Despite the

fact that water has such a lovely clean image, the truth is

that bottled water is making a significant contribution

to climate change. The bottled water industry has grown

tremendously in the UK in recent years, so much so that

we now consume 2 billion litres of bottled water annually,

a quarter of it imported. And altogether that produces as

much greenhouse gas as is produced by the electricity

consumption of about 20,000 homes. Quite a thought, isn’t

it?

Unsurprisingly, the main cause of the damaging CO2

emissions is transport. I mean, how crazy to move water

from one part of the world to another! But in addition to

that, there’s the issue of plastic. Most water bottles are made

from PET plastic, a crude-oil extract responsible for 0.25 per

cent of all oil consumed every year, and the majority of them

end up in landfill sites where they lie around for 450 years

before they finally degrade and disappear.

It might not be so bad if more bottles were recycled, but

for some reason we Brits lag behind most other countries

on that front. We only recycle 10 per cent. And even when

we do recycle, it isn’t all good news for the environment.

Why? Because the fact is that more than half of all British

plastics collected for recycling are shipped to China for that

purpose. Yes, you heard right. Another long journey of 13,000

kilometres! That in itself produces around half a million kilos

of CO2 emissions annually.

For goodness sake, what’s wrong with drinking tap water?

It’s 10,000 times cheaper than bottled water, just as healthy,

and far less environmentally costly. Ah, I hear you saying,

but tap water tastes of chlorine. Yes, well, sometimes it does,

I agree, but if that’s the case in your area, just fit a standard

carbon tap filter costing no more than £ 35. Problem solved,

I promise you. Analysts predict that over the next five years

the British bottled water market will continue to grow at a

rate of 9 per cent per year. Do we really want to increase the

damage to our planet on that scale?

There’s no need for it. Please stop buying bottled water.

Please. Drink tap water instead. It’s cheap, it’s safe, and it’s

kind to mother earth.

 

  1. 106 / NPWA:

NPWA Billy Bragg and the Blokes

I grew up in a company town

And I worked real hard ’til that company closed down.

They gave my job to another man

On half my wages in some foreign land.

And when I asked how could this be

Any good for our economy?

I was told nobody cares

So long as they make money when they sell their shares.

Can you hear us? Are you listening?

No power without accountability!

I lost my job,my car and my house

When ten thousand miles away some guy clicked on a mouse.

He didn’t know me,we never spoke,

He didn’t ask my opinion or canvass for my vote.

I guess its true,nobody cares

’Til those petrol bombs come spinning through the air.

Gotta find a way to hold them to account

Before they find a way to snuff our voices out.

Can you hear us? Are you listening?

No power without accountability!

The ballot box is no guarantee that we achieve democracy;

Our leaders claim their victory when only half the people have spoken.

We have no job security in this global economy;

Our borders closed to refugees but our markets forced open.

The World Bank says to Mexico,

We’ll cut you off if you don’t keep your taxes low.

But they have no right to wield that sword

’Cos they take their orders from the chairman of the board.

IMF,WTO,

I hear these words just every place I go

Who are these people? Who elected them?

And how do I replace them with some of my friends?

Can you hear us? Are you listening?

No power without accountability!

(© 2002, Billy Bragg. All rights reserved)

 

Lösungsvorschlag Übersetzung SB, S. 94

Business Is Business Arthur Miller

(Z. 91–117)

Willy: Ich gehe nach Boston.

Howard: Willy,du kannst nicht für uns nach Boston gehen.

Willy:Warum nicht?

Howard: Ich möchte nicht, dass du uns repräsentierst/vertrittst. Ich wollte dir das

schon lange sagen / habe dir das schon seit langem sagen wollen.

Willy:Howard, feuerst du mich?

Howard: Ich glaube, du brauchst eine lange Auszeit / eine richtig lange Zeit, in der du

dich ausruhen kannst, Willy.

Willy:Howard –

Howard: Und wenn es dir besser geht / du dich besser fühlst, komm zurück und wir

sehen, ob wir eine Lösung finden können / uns etwas überlegen können.

Willy: Aber ich muss Geld verdienen,Howard. Ich bin in keiner / nicht in einer Lage, in

der ich … / Ich kann nicht …

Howard:Wo sind deine Söhne? Warum helfen dir deine Söhne nicht?

Willy: Sie arbeiten gerade an einem sehr großen Geschäft/Deal.

Howard: Dies ist nicht die richtige Zeit / der richtige Zeitpunkt für falschen Stolz. Geh

zu deinen Söhnen und sage ihnen, dass du müde bist. Du hast doch zwei großartige

Söhne, oder / nicht wahr?

Willy: Oh, keine Frage, keine Frage, aber in der Zwischenzeit …

Howard:Dann wäre es das, ja? / Dann haben wir das geklärt, ja?

Willy: In Ordnung, ich fahre morgen nach Boston.

Howard: Nein, nein.

Willy: Ich kann meinen Söhnen nicht zur Last fallen. Ich bin kein Krüppel!

Howard: Sieh mal, Junge, ich habe viel zu tun / bin sehr beschäftigt heute morgen.

Willy [greift nach Howards Arm / Howards Arm ergreifend]:Howard, du musst mich

nach Boston gehen lassen!

Howard [hart,sich unter Kontrolle haltend]:Da ist eine ganze Reihe Leute,die ich heute

morgen sehen muss.Setz dich hin,nimm dir fünf Minuten,und reiß dich zusammen,

und dann geh nach Hause, ja? […] Oh, ja, komm vorbei und bring die Proben vorbei,

wann immer du es diese Woche schaffst.Du wirst dich besser fühlen,Willy,und dann

komm zurück und wir reden. Reiß dich zusammen, Junge, draußen sind Leute.

 

SB, S. 97

Poverty Is Relative Mari Marcel Thekaekara

(Z. 7–17)

Uns wurde gesagt, dass die Easterhouse Siedlung / das Easterhouse housing estate in

Glasgow als Europas schlimmster Slum betrachtet wird. Wir dachten, das ist/sei

lachhaft/lächerlich / ein Witz. Diese Leute/Menschen hatten eine garantierte/zugesicherte

Wohnung, Elektrizität,warmes und kaltes Wasser, Kühlschränke, Gas- oder

Elektroherde. Gemessen am indischen Standard / Nach indischem Standard war das

Mittelschicht-/Mitttelklasse-Luxus.Vor meinem inneren Auge konnte ich anämische,

ausgemergelte Adivasi-Frauen sehen, die in Töpfen Wasser aus einer Entfernung von

mehr als einem Kilometer heranschleppten.Hütten ohne Elektrizität. Frauen,die jeden

Tag nach Feuerholz suchten; dankbar,wenn sie ein Kilo Reis hatten, von/mit dem sie

ihre Familien jeden Abend ernähren konnten. Aber dann plötzlich fiel es uns wie

Schuppen von den Augen / verstanden wir es / wurde es uns klar.Viele der Männer in

Easterhouse hatten seit 20 Jahren keinen Job. Sie waren entmutigt, deprimiert, oft alkoholabhängig. Sie hatten ihr Selbstbewusstsein/Selbstwertgefühl verloren. Emotional

und mental ging es ihnen viel schlechter als den Armen dort,wo wir lebten,auch

wenn die physischen Anzeichen der Armut weniger auffällig waren.

 

 

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