today’s class & homework

p. 71 / 2a) application -> to apply sth.

observation -> observe sth

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p. 76 / 1a

walking,

PRO: to see the nature, no electricity needed, low CO2 outcome
CON: we have to build ways, bad influence to environment, nature will be destroyed

hiking,

PRO: to see the nature, no electricity needed, low CO2 outcome

CON: left litter on the way (pollution), smokers leave their garbage and can cause fire in droughts.

mountain-biking,

PRO: no car needed, increase of use as well in everyday-activities,

CONS: bikes need to be produced -> pollution; not easy to dispose a broken bike, destroy nature and kill animals / insects by mistake;

running,

swimming,

PRO: If the water quality is not okay, people might engage in cleaning up the lake / river etc.; bonding; you grow fond of nature and hence want to protect it;

CON: swimming can also be done in a pool, therefore they have to be built and this destroys land; maintainance (chlorine, energy)

climbing,

surfing,

PRO: no vehicle needed, bonding,

CON: surfing contests are huge, people leave garbage and destroy nature in order to set them up; one has to use the airplane to get to the beaches;

horseback-riding,

PRO: strong bonding with the horse & nature; natural fertiliser (horse poop);

CON: some people don’t treat horses right; horses destroy and eat plants

bungee-jumping,

PRO: people respect nature
CON: The bases have to be built; nature is destroyed; people leave garbage

inline-skating

PRO: see: running

CONS: see mountain-biking

1b)

PRO

Georg & Martina

CON

Lisa & Andrej

4a)

– the idea of the world as an object floating above a field (ll. 1- 5)

– the geography of the earth (ll. 5- 8)

– the atmosphere and climate ( ll. 8-9)

– the animals on the surface and in the water (ll. 9-11)

– the reaction of the people to the aerth (ll. 11 – 20)

5)

It is a poem, as it has strong imagery; it is divided into lines; it makes use of repetition (opening and closing lines, “people would..”; ll. 5, 7, 9, 11), enumeration (to pray…, to be healed, to gain knowledge, to know beauty and to wonder, ll. 14 – 16).

It is not a poem, as it has no real rhymes; it consists simply of prose sentences divided randomly into lines in a shape.

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HOMEWORK:

p. 76 / 2, p. 77 / 6 a + b, 7; read red hints!, p. 78/1+2, check “useful words & phrases” + red hints. Take a look at p. 277 (shape poems)

all about science

Sheet „Context Clues Part 1“
1) influence
2) available
3) opportunity
4) ability
5) audience
6) height
7) support
8) convince
9) instrument
HOMEWORK: Book p. 71: Science, Technology and Controversy
endeavor = Bemühung
spawn = ausbrüten
1) in-class (done)
2a) – 2c) Homework (AGAIN!!)
Please read p. 250 + 259
do: p. 74 / 1, 2, 3, 5a
your examples on “In what area do we look to science to save us?”
– health
– Antibiotics (discovered by scientists)
– electricity
– stem-cell research / genetics
– in-vitro fertilisation
– to beat deseases (cancer, Alzheimer, …)
– scyscrapers
– search for earthlike planets
– first aid / medicine

all about science…

Today’s homework:
Please complete pp. 69 / 70 (see below)
p. 71 / 2 a – c + read p. 250!
p. 75 (complete!)
hints on p. 69f:
Partner A’s statements:
1: false. The fuel cell produces energy.
2: true
3: False. In order to tell the difference, you have to look inside.
4: False. You fill the tank at the pump, just like a gas tank.
5: True.
6: False. It is sent to the “traction inverter module”, which turns the wheels.
Partner B’s statements:
1: False. It uses hydrogen to produce energy and water.
2: true
3: False. The electrons pass through an external circuit, which produces the electric current for the car.
4: False. Extracting hydrogen from methane is cheaper.
5: true
6: False. They already provide power for spacecraft and might even power whole cities in the future.
Ex 2:
Benefits:
It would reduce dependence on oil or petroleum, supplies of which are limited; it would eliminate emissions which directly affect health; it would eliminate emissions which contribute to global warming; it would eliminate emissions which damage the ozone layer; it could be cheaper to own and operate. The losers would be oil companies and countries with large oil reserves.
3a) Partizipial-Konstruktionen – bitte schaut euch diese nochmal in den Grammatiken an, wenn ihr die Regeln auffrischen wollt!
The first example contains a participle replacing a relative clause; the second contains a participle describing accompanying circumstances of an action.
“Hydrogen, pumped to the cell’s negatively charged side,…”: past participle replacing a relative clause. It is a past participle because of the passive verb in the relative clause. The construction with a relative clause would be: “Hydrogen, which is pumped…”
“A platinum membrane … to the positive side, thus forcing them…”: past participle describing accompanying cicrumstances.
3b) Hydrogen is pumped to … side, where it divides…
Hydrogen, which is pumped… side, divides…
When hydrogen is pumped…side, it divides…
A platinum membrane… side, which forces…
A platinum membrane… side, which are then forced…
A platinum membrane… side and forces…
The construction can be used to shorten complex sentences, e.g. ones with relative clauses, and so it is more economical. Therefore it is often used in scientific texts, where a lot of information is given in a very dense manner. It can also be used to express the fact that two things are happening at the same time (=> accompanying circumstances) or that one leads to another, which is useful for describing processes, and is common in scientific prose.
4a) I think rats might be controlled from afar by remote control. Scientists might transmit signals which cause the rats to do what the scientists want them to. The signals could, for example, cause the rats to feel pain or pleasure, which could then be used to guide them in a certain direction.
4b) 1b, 2c, 3a, 4d.

p. 242 – end of book: these SKILL PAGES are extremely important for your final exams, so please take some time and go through them during the summer holidays! I can only advise you to study hard and offer you every help there is.

watch your language – p. 75

Ideas for p. 75 / 3c)
1) Als / Nachdem Hitler Kanzler geworden war / wurde, gab Einstein seine deutsche Staatsbürgerschaft auf und verließ Deutschland.
2) Als Einstein erfuhr, dass D eine Atombombe entwickelte, schrieb er an Präsident Roosevelt und bat diesen eindringlich um Wachsamkeit und, wenn nötig, schnelles Handeln seitens der Vereinigten Staaten.
3) Einstein, ein Pazifist, veröffentlichte die allgemeine Relativitätstheorie und schuf damit die Grundlage für die tödlichsten Bomben, die die Menschheit kennt – die Atombombe und die Wasserstoffbombe.
… die allgemeine Relativitätstheorie, womit / mit der er …
… die tödlichsten der Menschheit bekannten Bomben…
4) Weil er befürchtete, dass die Atombombe noch einmal eingesetzt werden könnte, gab er eine Stellungnahme ab, in der er eine Weltregierung mit einer von den USA, Großbritannien und der Sowjetunion entworfenen Verfassung befürwortete.
Aus Angst, die Atombombe könnte…
… eine Weltregierung mit einer Verfassung befürwortete, die von den USA, GB und der Sowjetunion entworfen würde.
5) In seinem späteren Leben weitgehend ignoriert, setzte Einstein seine Forschungen bis zu seinem Tod in den USA im Jahr 1955 fort.
In seinem späteren Leben wurde Einstein weitgehend ignoriert. Er setzte seine Forschungen bis zu seinem Tod in den USA im Jahr 1955 fort.

about health care


Hi everybody,
In order to complete our homework, I want to share some mindmaps with you.

Where does it hurt? How to say…

Although this one is about China, there are a lot of useful bits and pieces:

You will find a nice list with some important vocabulary here and here.

This pdf is also pretty good, although it’s for foreigners in Germany. It works the other way around, too.

A really LONG and complete list is available here – you don’t have to learn all of it, but pick some words that you think you’re going to need.

Take care,