It’s about Shakespeare.
It’s about Shakespeare.
16th century: English adventurers and colonists hoping for wealth and glory
17th century: Pilgrims (first settlers) desiring the establishment of a New Jerusalem.
18th century: (Irish: big famine) Religious minorities seeking freedom from oppression; people seeking freedom to farm and to escape European feudal society.
19th century: The USA expands westwards and offers unlimited possibilities to new immigrants; people are able to realize their full potential regardless of their socio-economic and ethnic background. (independence; growth)
20th century: There was no more open space to be conquered. The American dream had to be redefined and new frontiers in the sense of challenges (e.g. space, overcoming inequality; fighting for a better society) were sought. (wars, economy, …)
Dubious of: sceptical of (2nd paragraph)
Act of depending on oneself: self-reliance (2nd paragraph)
Typical of: characteristic of (4th paragraph)
American Dream: the dream of a land of plenty and a land in which people are able to realize their full potential, regardless of their socio-economic and ethnic background.
Baseball: the ultimate american sports, famous and popular in the whole country (but not very successfull outside the US)
Cars (Thunderbird, Mustang)
Frontier: the moving borderline between civilization and wilderness. The frontier was closed when the settlers reached the Pacific coast in the second half of the 19th century.
Manifest Destiny: the 19th century belief that the USA was chosen by God to settle most of North America.
Puritans: Protestant group of Christians in England in the 16th and 17th centuries who wanted to worship God in a simple way. They led strict lives and wanted to make America the New Jerusalem.
The traditional metaphor of the USA as a melting pot refers to the mixing of people of different backgrounds and emphasizes the fact that cultural groups change when they are in contact with others. When different metallic elements are melted, alloys are formed which have different properties from the original elements. Similarly, different ethnic and cultural groups in the USA have been blended together into a new common American culture through education, intermarriage, etc. New immigrants were traditionally encouraged to become Americans, to embrace basic American values, adopt English as the language of communication, observe national holidays and customs, etc (check: Assimilation, American-style on p. 176, l. 19-23).
In recent years, the metaphor of the melting pot has come under criticism as implying rigid cultural conformity. By contrast, the metaphors of the quilt, salad bowl, rainbow and pizza have been used to describe the fact that US society is composed of many different groups, all of which have contributed to the formation of that society and many of which have retained their heritage and identity. While the quilt, salad bowl, rainbow and pizza metaphors emphasize cultural diversity and variety in unity, they suggest that cultural groups remain unchanged and thus they do not do justice to the dynamic character of cultural interaction and social change.
Read pp. 178-179, do ex2, 3
Read pp. 180/181, do ex 2, 3, 4
Do p. 183 + p. 205
Check out p. 206, read the statements and check the words.
I made a joke about this in class and told you that the myth got debunked (=falsified) – here’s (CLICK HERE) the article, if you’re interested in reading it.
Have a nice day!
Since you all showed up today 😉 I’ll send you some work by e-mail.
See you again on Wednesday for French.
5-6 22022016 E
Voc for the listening task:
irreversible = unumkehrbar; greed = Gier; reluctance = Widerwille, Abneigung
[c] Severn Suzuki speaks in Rio
Hello, I’m Severn Suzuki speaking for E.C.O., The Environmental Children’s Organisation. We are a group of twelve- and thirteen-year-olds trying to make a difference: Vanessa Suttie, Morgan Geisler, Michelle Quigg and me. We’ve raised all the money to come here ourselves, to come five thousand miles to tell you adults you must change your ways.
Coming up here today, I have no hidden agenda. I am fighting for my future. Losing my future is not like losing an election or a few points on the stock market. I am here to speak for all generations to come. I am here to speak on behalf of the starving children around the world whose cries go unheard. I am here to speak for the countless animals dying across
this planet because they have nowhere left to go. I am afraid to go out in the sun now because of the holes in our ozone. I am afraid to breathe the air because I don’t know what chemicals are in it. I used to go fishing in Vancouver, my home, with my dad until just a few years ago we found the fish full of cancers. And now we hear of animals and plants going extinct every
day – vanishing forever. In my life, I have dreamt of seeing the great herds of wild animals, jungles and rainforests full of birds and butterflies, but now I wonder if they will even exist for my children to see. Did you have to worry of these little things when you were my age? All this is happening before our eyes and yet we act as if we have all the time we want and all the solutions.
I’m only a child and I don’t have all the solutions, but I want you to realise, neither do you!
– You don’t know how to fix the holes in our ozone layer.
– You don’t know how to bring the salmon back up a dead stream.
– You don’t know how to bring back an animal now extinct.
– And you can’t bring back the forests that once grew where there is now a desert.
If you don’t know how to fix it, please stop breaking it! Here, you may be delegates of your governments, business
people, organisers, reporters or politicians, but really you are mothers and fathers, sisters and brothers, aunts and
uncles. And all of you are someone’s child. I’m only a child, yet I know we are all part of a family, five billion strong; in fact, 30 million species strong, and borders and governments will never change that. I’m only a child, yet I know we are all in this together and should act as one single world towards one single goal.
In my anger, I am not blind, and in my fear, I am not afraid of telling the world how I feel. In my country, we make so much waste, we buy and throw away, buy and throw away, buy and throw away, and yet northern countries will not share with the needy. Even when we have more than enough, we are afraid to share. We are afraid to let go of some of our wealth.
In Canada, we live the privileged life, with plenty of food, water and shelter. We have watches, bicycles, computers and television sets. The list could go on for two days. Two days ago here in Brazil, we were shocked when we spent time with some children living on the streets. This is what one child told us, “I wish I was rich. And if I were, I would give all the street children food, clothes, medicines, shelter and love and affection.” If a child on the streets who has nothing is willing to share, why are we who have everything still so greedy? I can’t stop thinking that these are children my own age, that it makes a tremendous difference where you are born, that I could be one of those children living in the Favellas of Rio. I could be a child starving in Somalia, or a victim of war in the Middle East or a beggar in India. I’m only a child, yet I know if all the money spent on war was spent on finding environmental answers, ending poverty, and finding treaties, what a wonderful place this earth would be!
At school, even in kindergarten, you teach us how to behave in the world. You teach us:
– not to fight with others,
– to work things out,
– to respect others,
– to clean up our mess,
– not to hurt other creatures,
– to share and not be greedy.
Then why do you go out and do the things you tell us not to do? Do not forget why you’re attending these conferences, who you’re doing this for: we are your own children. You are deciding what kind of a world we are growing up in. Parents should be able to comfort their children by saying “everything’s going to be alright,” “it’s not the end of the world” and “we’re doing the best we can.” But I don’t think you can say that to us anymore. Are we even on your list of priorities?
My dad always says, “You are what you do, not what you say.” Well, what you do makes me cry at night. You grownups say you love us. But I challenge you: Please make your actions reflect your words. Thank you.
Homework: Sheet SPRACHMITTLUNG (60 minutes!) + read texts on pp. 129+130-131, do ex 1 (p. 131)
Please skim the rest of the texts & contact me if you have any questions.
Do p. 143
Correction of last week’s homework:
126/2 + 5a
Please check p. 243 (working with pictures)
– in class
5a) functions of art: to entertain, to express yourself, to illustrate something, to make sb. aware of sth.
– in class –
We read pp. 122/123 and did Ex 1
Homework: The tasks from the sheets
You received the copies to hand in by mid-March.
Please read p. 124 and do ex 1 and do p. 125 WATCH YOUR LANGUAGE
Check your Skills & Exam Trainer and the Skill Pages in the back of your textbooks.
Next time, we will work on chapter seven (pp. 126ff)
See you on Wednesday!
Please bring your books tomorrow since we are going to work with it and I’m going to tell you which topics you will have to prepare for the final exams.